Marie Claire is supported by its audience. When you purchase through links on our site, we may earn commission on some of the items you choose to buy.
Did you know? You can build up to 15% more lean muscle if you stack your strength training in the first half of your cycle.
You’ve probably heard of, or are already a convert to, period tracking. Not only is it a useful tool if you’re trying to conceive (or just, you know, navigate the minefield that is female hormones). Period tracking can also be a really helpful way of making sure that you’re training at your best.
Scheduling your harder workouts at the times of the month where you’ll be free from pesky PMS symptoms and subsequently able to give 100% sounds like a no-brainer, right? Besides there being a tonne of scientific research behind it, period tracking now also has the endorsement of an Olympian. Yep, Jessica Ennis Hill reckons it’s about time you tried it, and we’re taking notes.
Fun fact: the three-time world champion has just launched a new app which includes a whole section dedicated to cycle mapping, that is, training around your period. So, we’ve picked her brains about the app, the practice of exercising around your TOTM, and got the expert opinions of physiologist doctor Emma Ross and doctor Helen Hartley, medical director at Bupa UK Insurance.
Keep reading for a little on the new app, but further, three expert definitions of period tracking around your menstrual cycle phases, a little more on what it is, plus how it could help your overall health, wellbeing, and training, too. Oh, and when you’re done swotting up on mapping your cycle, be sure to check out our edit of the best celebrity workouts. While we can’t promise Jess Ennis Hill-level results, we can promise some dynamic, fun, and fast-paced sweat sessions.
So, what is period tracking?
“Cycle mapping is the science of mapping your training to your menstrual cycle for maximum physical and psychological benefits,” explains Ross.
As Ennis Hill explains, ultimately, women should be able to tune into how they feel and work with their hormonal cycles to feel the benefits. “Cycle mapping is a way of guiding yourself through your own unique hormonal cycle,” she shares. Apps like Jennis will even give you training, tips, and advice at each stage.
Think about how you train. We’re probably right in saying that you crack on with your life, fitting in runs, HIIT sessions and weight training without actually pausing and listening to your body. “As women, hormones peak and trough across our monthly cycle, and depending on whether they are high, or low, we will feel different. Taking advantage of what’s right for each of those moments and using it to your benefit can be totally life-changing,” Ross continues.
Did you know that each woman experiences four different phases of their menstrual cycle? Across that, you’ll experience a lot of hormonal changes which affect your motivation to train, the way your muscles adapt, how your body fuels and more, Ennis Hill explains.
“By understanding what’s happening hormonally and when, you can make sure to do what’s best for your body at the right time in your cycle, which means you feel more energised, build up to 15% more lean muscle, respond better to fitness and can reduce PMS,” she goes on.
Ross points out that, for too long, women have been told to train in a generic way that isn’t optimised for the female body – largely because the research has been done by men.
What are the benefits of period tracking?
- It can reduce pre-menstrual symptoms. “One of our testers reduced pre-menstrual headaches by 65%,” shares Rose.
- It can help you build lean muscle more effectively. Note this: “research has proven that if you stack your strength and resistance training in the first half of your cycle, it’s possible to build up to 15% more lean muscle than if it’s spread across the whole cycle,” explains Rose. Neat.
- It gives you permission to rest. Rather than pushing yourself to work out every day, then feeling guilty when you can’t or don’t, the programme helps you identify when to rest and why.
- It maps training to your energy levels across your whole cycle – basically helping you do what’s right for your body, the doctor adds.
Period tracking apps: 5 to download now
From keeping track of PMDD symptoms, to figuring out some of the less obvious reasons for a missed period, cycle mapping apps are a really great way of keeping in touch with your body. Here are some of our go-tos.
Unlike your typical period tracking app, Jennis has been specifically built both to help you better understand your body and your hormones, and to show you how to train, eat and sleep for optimised hormonal health. Created by Olympic gold medalist Jessica Ennis Hill, alongside leading experts in women’s hormonal health, Jennis helps women move with their hormones instead of against them for better workouts all round.
2. Me v PMDD
Undoubtedly, our emotional state affects how we work out. Did you know that premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) affects 1 in 20 women in the UK? A condition wherein your mental health can be severely affected by your menstrual cycle, this clever app helps you track your emotions alongside your cycle, journal your feelings, and find useful resources to help you cope.
3. My Moontime
This app allows you to pinpoint the optimum time in your cycle for lust (date night incoming), calmness and productivity so you can schedule your most high-octane workouts for the days when you’ll be on top form.
4. Moody Month
This app is for women looking for a period tracking app that offers daily advice, tips, and tricks, too, like daily hormone forecasting and tailored wellness recommendations.
Never used a period tracking app before? Flo is great for first-timers – it’s a simple and easy-to-use app used by over 200 million women globally.
Another period tracking app is Clue, which uses data to give you ovulation, period and PMS predictions, plus insight into how your skin, stress, and energy levels might look, too. Plus, it’s a totally female-led company.
Question: are you an active woman keen to see how tracking their TOTM could impact their workouts? Then Wild is for you, helping you to understand how to train, fuel, and recover based on your female physiology.
There are tonnes of helpful apps for helping you optimise your workouts in line with your cycle. Above all, though, make sure you listen to your body and take it easy when you need to – so that when the time comes to knock it out of the park, you’ll be at the top of your game.
5 tips for training around your TOTM: optimise energy, strength, and sessions:
1. Track your cycle
It’s the whole point of this article, and Ennis Hill, Rose and Hartley all reckon that period tracking could seriously improve your quality of life.
“Knowing your menstrual cycle helps you to get to know what’s normal – and what isn’t – for your body,” explains Hartley. “It will also help you to understand when’s best to exercise, when you’ll get the most out of your workouts, and when it’s time to rest up and recharge,” she goes on.
Do note here: the doctor also reckons that being able to recognise patterns in your emotions can be particularly helpful for those who experience premenstrual symptoms (PMS) or premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD).
2. Don’t overdo it
This one’s obvious, but important. “If you’re feeling low or fatigued, it’s important to not push yourself too much. Instead, why not try some gentle stretching, walking, swimming, or cycling? You’ll still reap the rewards of exercise and reduce any uncomfortable symptoms,” shares Hartley.
3. Listen to your body
The most important thing Hartley says you should aim to get right? Knowing and listening to your own body. “Every woman has a period that’s unique to them, and so only you know what’s right for you. Arm yourself with knowledge and then respond to how you feel,” she recommends.
4. Stick to your schedule, but mix up your activity
Keeping to your fitness plan can help keep you motivated during your monthly cycle, especially if you’re not feeling up to it. Hartley recommends being active three to four times a week – “it will help your body adapt and become stronger and fitter,” she shares.
Fun fact: during the ovulation stage of your monthly cycle, your hormone levels start to peak and you may feel as though you have more energy, she explains. “This is the ideal opportunity to try something different, such as those higher intensity exercises like HIIT or a spin class,” she shares.
5. Fuel up with energy-boosting foods
You know that what you eat not only affects your physical health, but how you feel, too. “Improving your diet by eating regularly and ensuring there’s plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables on your plate can give you a boost,” shares Hartley.
6. Don’t compare
For most women, exercise can alleviate symptoms associated with periods, but as periods vary, (in flow, pain level and mood, from person to person and month to month), it’s important to do what’s works best for your mind and body, shares Hartley.
Top tip: “experiment with different activities and then exercise when you feel up to it, or when you know from experience that it will help you feel better,” she shares.